Scope and policy
1. Laboreal, an international and multidisciplinary scientific journal, launched in 2005, is published in electronic format twice a year – in July and in December. It is an open-source journal, published in the e-platform OpenEdition Journals, in https://journals.openedition.org/laboreal/?lang=en.
The journal makes available the “Norms to submit and publish papers” (https://journals.openedition.org/laboreal/814) as well as a list of reviewers, from several different countries, who took part in the scientific assessment of the papers found in each specific number.
2. The papers' submission and publication are free of charge for the authors. All content published by Laboreal is available, at no costs, both for the user and his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.
3. All published papers place the real work activity in the center of their analyses. Overall, contributions that broaden the knowledge about phenomena that involve the workers' health, well-being and safety issues are valued the most.
The journal also encourages the debate about how to do research and how to act on work. Acknowledging the key role of work in individual and group history, we prefer researches that help its understanding and that discuss ways to assist in the conception, implementation and transformation of the work processes. Focusing mainly on issues regarding prevention, protection, well-being and personal and professional development, papers published in Laboreal cover several topics, such as safety and health management at/through work, continuous and vocational training, (re)designing equipment and (re)organizing human labor processes, public health promotion, local and regional development.
To sum up, as far as the guiding principles are concerned, the papers thar are valued the most:
· Consider the real work using context and practicability criteria in detriment of criteria based on universal and ideal sources;
· Contribute to act on/transform existing situations;
· Focus on groundbreaking subjects which contribute to the development of our scientific and intervention knowledge;
· Present (or indicate) data supporting their arguments.
In addition, based on a cooperative, non-hierarchical approach, Laboreal seeks to integrate the knowledge from different disciplines on human work, particularly psychology, ergonomics, sociology, design and computer sciences, education sciences, health sciences, economics and management.
Given the referred options, the journal addresses as its audience researchers, lecturers, and students, together with all the professionals interested in real activity work-related issues.
4. All submitted texts which fit Laboreal's editorial policy are reviewed by two experts based on the following assessment criteria:
· Relevance of the text to Laboreal's readers
· Quality of the theoretical framework
· Methodological accuracy and adequacy
· Clear and well justified conclusions
· Relevance of the bibliography
· Structural coherence and balance
· Respect for the submitting instructions
After peer review, the author may be asked to make some changes, upon which a new review will decide whether the work is approved for publishing.
5. Laboreal publishes original texts that follow the fundamental ethical principles defined by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), of which it is a member (https://publicationethics.org/members/laboreal).
Indexed in scientific databases, the journal disseminates texts that fit topic-related numbers and non-thematic numbers. Because we recognize the importance of increasing the visibility of researches and other works written in Spanish and Portuguese, all abstracts are also available in English and French.
The quality and soundness that characterize each Laboreal edition have echo in its distribution in international databases, such as Academic Search Database; DOAJ – Directory of Open Access Journals; Ergonomic Abstracts; Fonte Académica; Journals for Free; Latindex; Research Library Proquest and SciELO.
6. The Editorial Board (https://journals.openedition.org/laboreal/809) is committed to fulfilling the Press Law and respecting the readers' good faith. It also assures to comply with deontological and ethical principles that guide the scientific research, as referred in the current Editorial Charter.
The published papers reflect only the views of the authors, and the committees cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Form and preparation of manuscripts
Submitted manuscripts must be original texts, aligned with the journal's editorial policy and suitable for publication under one of its sections (cf. list of sections). Authors may submit the document either in Portuguese or Spanish.
To prepare and submit the manuscript the author shall use one of the submission templates made available here (the two main templates for the submission of manuscripts can be downloaded at the end of this page). The authors must follow the layout of this document, in accordance with the sections and the formatting standards used in this template. As such, the references shall be listed according to the APA referencing style.
The author(s) must guarantee the submitted text and the referred research comply with the fundamental ethical principles established by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE ; check publicationethics.org), of which Laboreal journal is a member. Therefore, the fulfilment of these ethical requirements shall be confirmed at the end of the submission template. It is also in this part of the template that the author(s) must state the submitted manuscript is an original and agree on its publication on the platform OpenEdition Journals, provided the manuscript is accepted for publication. Filling the section “Statements on originality, compliance with ethical requirements, and publishing authorisation” is compulsory ; failing to do so and the authors will receive the paper back.
The manuscript is submitted through e-mail using the account firstname.lastname@example.org, and the submission format shall be Word (.docx). All correspondence, including the notification of the decision made by Laboreal Board and the revision requests, is established by e-mail, considering the e-mail accounts the authors have indicated in the manuscript.
All manuscripts submitted by their authors are peer reviewed. Each manuscript goes through the following stages:
1. The members of the Editorial Committee read the manuscript and determine its suitability according to the Journal's editorial policy.
2. If the manuscript is accepted, the Editorial Committee assigns two experts to appraise the manuscript.
3. The manuscript is sent to the reviewers without the author's name. This process is a double-blind process, since the reviewers do not know the author's name and the reviewers, in turn, remain unknown to the author.
4. The reviewers fill out a referee report form and send it back to the Journal's Editorial Committee within an agreed deadline.
5. Based on the two opinions, the Editorial Committee writes a single report to be sent back to the author. Provided that the reviewers make a recommendation for acceptance, the report includes a set of recommendations that must be implemented prior to the paper being published.
6. The author sends the final version of the paper to the Editorial Committee within the indicated deadline, along with a letter explaining the changes and justifying their options.
7. The Editorial Committee checks whether the experts' recommendations were followed by the author and may require further changes. Once this process is concluded, it is decided whether the paper can be approved for publishing.
8. All dates regarding the peer review process are documented. If the paper is published, submission and acceptance after peer review dates are identified on the first page. Authors can expect to see their article published within no more than 12 months after submitting, as long as they meet the deadlines.
§ Empirical research
§ Research instruments
§ Archaeology of knowledge
§ Notable works
§ Critical and topical review
§ Reply papers
§ Thesis summary
§ Critical review of books
§ Reports on the work experience
§ Seminars Minutes; Could you repeat...? – Publishing these documents will result from ad hoc protocols.
The abstract must be written in all the following languages: Portuguese, Spanish, French and English. The authors are responsible for the translations. For each language, the author must guarantee the quality of grammar and spelling rules.
The abstract cannot be longer than 150 words. It should be clear and easy to read, going through all the details that help the reader understand the main contributions of the paper. The abstract must then describe the key elements in a way that is objective and concise – free from superfluous information or tables, pictures, or references.
Considering the “Empirical research” section in particular, it is important the abstract mentions: the research purpose; a brief description of its object; the methodology; the research place (in case this information is relevant); and the outcomes, findings or consequences.
Addressing the sections “Reports on the work experience”, “Research instruments” and “Notable works” in particular, it is important the abstract mentions: the main topic; the logic behind the approach; the point of view of the paper's author; and the outcomes, findings or consequences.
As far as the sections “Archaeology of knowledge” and “Critical and topical review” are concerned, it is important the abstract mentions: the field covered by the analysis; the period covered by the analysis; the main source of the analysed publications; the type of documents that were treated; the opinion of the paper's author, namely regarding what he/she considers the essential contribution of the presented analysis; and the findings, in terms of research avenues to be developed.
The manuscript must include 3 to 5 keywords and the authors are expected to adopt the formatting rules indicated in the submission template. The keywords, as well as the abstract, must be written in the following languages: Portuguese, Spanish, French and English.
The purpose of the keywords is not to indicate the paper's particularities, but to direct to its field or domain. Relevant keywords indicate: the study or application domain; the paper's objectives; and the main concepts.
We recommend checking the existing thesauri (e.g., from APA or from Ergonomic Abstracts) so the choice of words is linked to international databases, hence promoting access to the papers.
According to the corresponding section, the manuscript shall not go beyond certain limits (including graphics, tables, and pictures). The maximum number of characters for each section (spaces included) is:
Graphics, tables and pictures must follow the guidelines below :
§ The size must never be larger than the text zone ;
§ Each graphic, table or picture must be captioned with an explanation of the main variables ;
§ Pictures must be in JPEG format, with a minimum resolution of 200dpi ;
§ They will be inserted in the text, but the author must also send them as separate files.
The text should not contain footnotes, but authors may use endnotes, which should be identified throughout the text and appear at the end, immediately before the article's bibliography. The place where the note should be inserted is marked with square brackets and the number of the note in the text (e.g. ). The corresponding text appears toward the end of the text (e.g.  International Labour Organization).
Special characters – mathematical characters, etc. – should be inserted in the text in the form of symbols.
Laboreal follows the APA format, which is available at apastyle.org.
Reference notes inserted within the text should respect the author(s)–date format (the author's last name followed by the date in which the document was published).
§ One author : (Gaudart, 2016)
§ Two authors : (Teiger & Lacomblez, 2013)
§ Three, four or five authors : the first time they are quoted all the names are referred - (Ravalet, Vincent-Geslin, Kaufmann, Viry, & Dubois, 2015). Subsequent quotes refer the name of the first author followed by “et al.” - (Ravalet et al., 2015)
§ Six or more authors : all the quotes along the text refer solely the name of the first author followed by “et al.”
§ Institutions as authors : the name of the institutions appears unabbreviated the first time. If they are easily recognized, initials may be used on subsequent references (APA, 2010). The name should be repeated in full if it is not immediately recognized - (Autoridade para as Condições de Trabalho, 2011).
§ Republications : both the publication and the republication dates should be mentioned - (Clot, 1995/2008).
When the authors are included in the body the word “and” should be added with the date in parentheses :
“The work developed by Teiger and Laville (1991) made it clear…”
Whenever the author refers to multiple works from the same author, the dates should be indicated in chronological order. If the same author published more than one work in the same year, letters should be used along with each year for a clearer distinction :
(Schwartz, 2000, 2004a, 2004b, 2012).
A short, direct quotation (up to 40 words) should be identified with quotation marks (“…”) and mention the its author, date and page number. Provided the transcription is translated, the expression “free translation” should be added after the page number. Furthermore, the quotation should be inserted in the text using exactly the same font.
In fact, the relationships between health and work are covered in a huge complexity, “they are neither unambiguous nor instantaneous” (Gollac & Volkoff, 2000, p. 23, free translation).
When the transcription is longer (over 40 words) a block quotation should be used – detached from the text and without quotation marks (referring the author, date, and page number where the excerpt can be found). If the extract is translated, the expression “free translation” should be added after the page number. The quotation's font-size should also be smaller than the body.
(…) for man, to live means also to learn. I feel good, because I feel myself capable of taking responsibilities for my actions, of making things happen and of creating new connections among things that were not possible without me, but that wouldn't be the same without them. This is why I feel the need to learn what they are so that I can change them (Canguilhem, 2002, p. 68, free translation).
The references are organized alphabetically and chronologically at the end of the paper.
Same author, different publication years :
Reason, J. (2009). El error humano. Madrid : Editorial modus laborandi.
Single author or joint authorship :
Marquié, J. C. (2016). Le travail de nuit : conséquences sur le sommeil et les performances. Les Cahiers de l'Actif, 482, 27-42.
Marquié, J., & Gabaude, C. (2010). Aging, transportation and mobility : current issues. Le Travail Humain, 73, 1-5.
Author, (Year in brackets). Title of the book in italic (edition number). City of publisher : Publisher.
Figueiredo, M. (2012/ 2016). A Face Oculta do Ouro Negro : trabalho, saúde e segurança na indústria petrolífera offshore da Bacia de Campos. Niterói : EdUFF.
Ramos, S. (2010). Envelhecimento, trabalho e cognição : do laboratório para o terreno na construção de uma alternativa metodológica. Lisboa : Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.
Ravalet, E., Vincent-Geslin, S., Kaufmann, V., Viry, G., & Dubois, Y. (2015). Grandes mobilités liées au travail : perspective européenne. Paris : Economica.
Book chapter :
Chapter's author, (Year in brackets). Title of the book's chapter. In Book authors (Mention whether the authors play the role of book editors – Eds. - or Organizers – Orgs. – or Directors – Dirs.), Book title in italic (chapter pages in the book). City of publisher : Publisher.
Naville, P. (1997). El trabajo asalariado y su valor. In G. Friedmann, & P. Naville, (Dirs.), Tratado de sociología del trabajo II (pp. 113-134). México DF : Fondo de Cultura Economica.
Santos, M., & Lacomblez, M. (2016). Do artefacto ao instrumento : um modelo de avaliação das relações entre trabalho e saberes numa ação de formação. In W. Alves, & M. Machado (Eds.), Trabalho & saber : questões e preposições na interface entre trabalho e formação (pp. 13-32). Campinas : Mercado das Letras.
Journal article :
Author, (Year in brackets). Paper's title. Journal's title in italic. Volume (in italic), Number(s) (in italic), Paper's pagination.
Lacomblez, M. (2018). Preclaridades da noção de representação. Fractal : Revista de Psicologia, 30(2), 86-93. https://doi.org/10.22409/1984-0292/v30i2/5923
Masson, L. P., Brito, J., & Athayde, M. (2011). Dimensão relacional da atividade de cuidado e condições de trabalho de auxiliares de enfermagem em uma unidade neonatal. Physis, 21, 879-898. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-73312011000300007
Nusshold, P., & Poy, M. (2015). Ergonomie et psychodynamique du travail. La situation de la formation et la pratique professionnelle des deux approches en Argentine. Travailler, 34(2), 75-88. https://doi.org/10.3917/trav.034.0075
Renteria-Pérez, E., & Malvezzi, S. (2009). Empleabilidad, cambios y exigencias psicosociales en el trabajo. Universitas Psychologica, 7(2), 319-334. http://dx.doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.UPSY7-2.rila
Author, (Year in brackets). Title of the thesis in italic. Name of the academic qualification, Educational Institution, City.
Zavala, G. (2012). Innovación organizacional : sistemas de actividad, construcción de redes y prácticas asociadas a la adopción de tecnologías de gestión en la administración pública chilena (Tesis de Doctorado). Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
Author, (Year in brackets). Title of the report in italic. References of the report, City : Institution.
Author, (Year, month in brackets). Title of the presentation in italic. Conference name. City, Country, Month.
Vasconcelos, R., & Silva, D. (2012, maio). Atentos sem saber a quê : debates no cruzamento entre a automação e segurança na atividade de controladores de processos industriais de risco. Comunicação apresentada no Seminário Internacional “Ergologia, Trabalho, Desenvolvimentos”, Porto, Portugal.
When the presentation is published in periodic minutes, it should follow the layout determined for journal articles.
Online documents :
Example (report) :
International Transport Forum (2018). Safer roads with automated vehicles. Retrieved from https://www.itf-oecd.org/safer-roads-automated-vehicles-0
Example (non academic journal) :
Goler, L., Gale, J., & Grant, A. (2016, November 9). Let's Not Kill Performance Evaluations Yet. Harvard Business Review, pp. 90-94. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2016/11/lets-not-kill-performance-evaluations-yet
Exemplo (site/web post) :
London School of Economics and Political Science (2019, March 7). Working in the ‘platform economy' : what is it really like ? Retrieved April 4, 2019, from https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/businessreview/2019/03/07/working-in-the-platform-economy-what-is-it-really-like/
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Universidade do Porto
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Website: Laboreal (openedition.org)