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Acta Obstétrica e Ginecológica Portuguesa

versión impresa ISSN 1646-5830

Acta Obstet Ginecol Port vol.14 no.4 Coimbra dic. 2020  Epub 01-Dic-2020


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Left interstitial ectopic pregnancy in a woman with ipsilateral adnexectomy

Gravidez ectópica intersticial após anexectomia ipsilateral

Mariana Pimenta1  , Interna de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia

Sara Pereira1  , Interna de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia

Cláudia Araújo2  , Assistente Hospitalar Graduado de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia

1 Interna de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, Departamento de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia, Centro Hospitalar Universitário, Lisboa Norte - Hospital de Santa Maria, Lisboa, Portugal

2 Assistente Hospitalar Graduado de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, Departamento de Obstetrícia, Ginecologia e Medicina da Reprodução, Centro Hospitalar Universitário, Lisboa Norte - Hospital de Santa Maria, Lisboa, Portugal


Ectopic interstitial pregnancy is a rare entity associated to higher mortality when compared to other ectopic pregnancies. We present a singular case of a seven weeks interstitial pregnancy in a patient with ipsilateral adnexectomy highlighting intrauterine transmigration as an etiology of spontaneous ectopic pregnancy even after complete resection of fallopian tube.

Keywords: Intersticial pregnancy; Ectopic pregnancy; Intrauterine transmigration; Ultrasound.

Ectopic interstitial pregnancy is a rare entity with an estimated incidence of 2-6% of all ectopic pregnancies and occurs in the proximal intramural section of the fallopian tube1. The known predisposing factors include salpingectomy, pelvic inflammatory disease, pelvic surgery, previous ectopic pregnancy, uterine anomalies or tumors and in vitro fertilization. Due to myometrial distensibility they tend to appear consi­derably late and a cornual rupture can lead to a catastrophic hemorrhage1,2. The mortality rate is 2-2.5% and is seven times higher than all other ectopic pregnancies1,2.

The high sensitivity of ultrasound makes it the preferred initial method of diagnosis1. The ultrasound fin­dings include an empty uterine cavity and the presence of eccentrically located gestational sac (GS) at the ute­rine fundus at least 10mm from the lateral edge of the uterine cavity and surrounded by myometrial tissue3.

We present a case of a spontaneous interstitial ecto­pic pregnancy ipsilateral to a prior adnexectomy.

A 25-year-old woman with history of two previous abortions and a prior left laparoscopic adnexectomy for ovary torsion presented to the emergency room with abdominal pain and 8 weeks of amenorrhea. The patient was haemodynamically stable and had left lower quadrant pain. On transvaginal ultrasound, a thick and hyperechogenic endometrial lining was seen and no intrauterine GS could be found. A GS with an embryo with a crown-rump length of 10.3mm and cardiac acti­vity was identified in the left cornual area (Figure 1), corresponding to a 7 week pregnancy. In a transverse plane at the uterine fundus it became clear that the GS was located 11mm from the uterine cavity, in the intramural portion of the tube (Figure 2). As expected from the patient’s history we could not identify the left ovary. A corpus luteum image was seen in the right ovary.

FIGURE 1 Embryo with crown-rump length of 10.3mm 

FIGURE 2 Ultrasound transverse plane at the uterine fundus. Gestational sac (GS) located in the interstitial portion of the fallopian tube, 11mm from the uterine cavity, surrounded by myometrium. 

A laparoscopic surgery was performed and no remanescent left fallopian tube was seen. A left cornual resection was successfully performed without complications.

About one-third of spontaneous pregnancies in women with previous salpingectomy can result from oocyte transperitoneal migration to the contralateral fallopian tube4. The present case enhances the possibility of intrauterine transmigration of a fertilized egg as an etiology of spontaneous ectopic pregnancy. Therefore, the occurrence of ectopic pregnancy even after a complete resection of ipsilateral fallopian tube is still a possible event.

Patient inform consent was obtained.

Referências bibliográficas

1. Maximilian Brincat, Alison Bryant-Smith, T. K. Holland. The diagnosis and management of interstitial ectopic pregnancies: a review. Gynecol Surg 2019;16:2. [ Links ]

2. Radwan Faraj, Martin Steel. Review Management of corneal (interstitial) pregnancy. The Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists. 2007;9:249-255. [ Links ]

3. D. Jurkovic, D. Mavrelos. Catch me if you scan: ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007; 30: 1-7. [ Links ]

4. Jackie A. Ross, Amelia Z. Davison, Yasmin Sana, Adjoa Appiah, Jemma Johns, Christopher T. Lee. Ovum transmigration after salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy. Human Reproduction 2013;28(4):937-41. [ Links ]

Received: June 25, 2020; Accepted: September 24, 2020

Endereço para correspondência Mariana Pimenta Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte E-Mail:

Creative Commons License This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License