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Revista de Ciências Agrárias

versão impressa ISSN 0871-018X

Resumo

MOTA, Margarida et al. Monitor to watering: the case of the chestnuts (Castanea sativa). Rev. de Ciências Agrárias [online]. 2017, vol.40, n.1, pp.133-143. ISSN 0871-018X.  https://doi.org/10.19084/RCA16015.

It is assumed that chestnut tree benefits from irrigation but it should be managed conscientiously. This article aims to evaluate the relationship between different soil-plant-atmosphere intervenient to guideline de chestnut producer to the best commitment for water management in the chestnut. In 2015, in a chestnut orchard of Judia variety located in Bragança, it was compared watered and no watered trees. It was measured stem water potential, soil moisture and meteorological parameters. Throughout the growing season the stem water potential dropped from -0.6MPa to -1.6MPa, but in watered trees it was kept near -1.2MPa. Soil moisture at 30cm in watered trees varied between 15 and 22% and it was below 13% in non watered trees. The stem water potential is well correlated with soil moisture, but it is floatable with environmental conditions. The yield was 20% higher in watered trees even with deficit irrigation. The producer benefits from the use of equipment that allows automatic and continuous records without destructive methods.

Palavras-chave : Chestnuts; water management; stem water potential; soil moisture and monitoring.

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