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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

versão impressa ISSN 1645-0086


FIGUEIREDO, B.; MENDONCA, M.  e  SOUSA, R.. Portuguese version of the Maternal Adjustment and Maternal Attitudes (MAMA). Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2004, vol.5, n.1, pp.31-51. ISSN 1645-0086.

This article present the Portuguese version of the Maternal Adjustment and Maternal Attitudes antenatal questionnaire (Kumar, Robson, & Smith, 1984), designed to assess the maternal adjustment and the maternal attitudes of the pregnant women. The original 60 self-report items of the questionnaire were submitted to a process of translation and retro-translation. The Portuguese version obtained was administrated to a sample of 309 pregnant women (between the 22nd and the 25th weeks of gestation, inclusive), outpatients of the Julio Dinis Maternity Hospital Obstetric Service (Porto. Portugal). The factorial analyze of the MAMA Portuguese version's results show that the 60 items of the instrument can be satisfactorily organize, as proposed in the original version, that is 5 sub-scales with 12 items each, regarding the same dimensions suggested by the authors: body image, somatic symptoms, marital relationship, attitude to sex, attitudes to pregnancy/baby. Nevertheless, we also suggest that the results of the 'attitudes to pregnancy/baby's sub-scale' can be analyzed in two separate dimensions: 'attitudes to pregnancy' and 'attitudes to the baby'. The psychometric study certifies the reliability of the MAMA Portuguese version with a very good internal consistency, for a Cronbach's Alpha of .85 and a Split-half's Coefficient of .86. The following are the Cronbach's Alpha and the Split-half's Coefficient for the MAMA Portuguese version's sub-scales: .75 and .76 for the body image's sub-scale; .62 and .66 for the somatic symptom's sub-scale; .76 and .75 for the marital relationship's sub-scale, .82 and .81 for the attitude to sex's sub-scale, .49 and .54 for the attitudes to pregnancy/baby's subscale. The researchers and clinicians interested in assessing the mother's maternal adjustment and maternal attitudes have now available the Maternal Adjustment and Maternal Attitudes Portuguese version questionnaire that shows to be a robust instrument with guaranty of fidelity and validity.

Palavras-chave : Maternal adjustment; Maternal attitudes; Pregnancy; MAMA questionnaire.

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