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Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular

Print version ISSN 1646-706X


MAIA, Miguel et al. Association between the CEAP classification and Duplex-scan findings. Angiol Cir Vasc [online]. 2010, vol.6, n.4, pp.195-201. ISSN 1646-706X.

Objective: The aim of our study was to correlate the clinical manifestations of the CEAP classification with insufficiency at lower extremity venous ultrasound examination. Methods: Eight hundred and six extremities (corresponding to 403 consecutive patients) were evaluated by vascular ultrasonography during the investigation of chronic venous insufficiency. Results: Mean age of 46,8 years-old, 360 women and 43 men. There was a statistically significant difference between symptomatic patients according to gender, 62,5% women versus 44,2% men (p <0,001). Patients with =60 years-old were also more frequently classified as symptomatic (p <0,001) A symptomatic C class was more often attributed to limbs with great saphenous vein and medial leg perforators insufficiency. The extremities classified as asymptomatic, C1a and 2a, presented medial leg perforators insufficiency in only 36,4%, opposing to 64,9% of insufficiency in limbs classified as C0s, C1s and C2s, 76% in limbs graded C3s and C4s and to 100% of the limbs classified as C5s and C6s (p <0,001). In 20,5% of the extremities graded as C3s there was deep venous insufficiency on ultrasound, whereas in the other extremities only 5,2% had deep venous insufficiency. (p <0.001;OR:4,686). Conclusions: Symptomatic patients were more frequently women with =60 years-old. Great saphenous vein and medial leg perforators insufficiency correlated with the presence of symptoms. There was a significant association between medial leg perforators insufficiency and the severity of the clinical manifestations of CEAP classification. Deep venous insufficiency was more frequent in extremities classified as C3s.

Keywords : Ceap classification; Chronic venous insufficiency; Clinical picture; Echo-doppler.

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