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Tourism & Management Studies

versão impressa ISSN 2182-8458

Resumo

REBELO, Sandra; MATIAS, Fernanda  e  CARRASCO, Paulo. Application of the DEA methodology in the analysis of efficiency of the Portuguese hotel industry: an analysis applied to the Portuguese geographical regions. TMStudies [online]. 2013, vol.9, n.2, pp.21-28. ISSN 2182-8458.

The main purpose of this paper is to analyze and to compare the evolution of efficiency in the Portuguese hotel industry, by geographical regions, in 2006 and 2008. It is also intended to find companies which may be used as a reference to the least efficient ones, to achieve higher levels of productivity. Efficiency is analyzed through the study of technical productivity, using a technique of linear programming: Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Contrary to the economic context, there is a general and significant improvement in the productivity of the Portuguese hotel industry from 2006 to 2008, with the exception of the insular regions. In 2006 there was a higher efficiency average in the northern and insular regions whereas in 2008 only the northern region excelled. In the time frame comprised by this research, 30 firms were found to be efficient: 7 in the north, 11 in the center, 5 in the south and 7 in the islands.

Palavras-chave : DEA; efficiency; hotel industry; Portugal.

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