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Cadernos do Arquivo Municipal

On-line version ISSN 2183-3176


CASTRO, Caio A. M. Rodrigues de; MASCARENHAS-MATEUS, João  and  PIRES, Amilcar Gil. The mansard roofs of Lisbon Pombaline Downtown, from the XVIII century to the first quarter of the XX century: between the model inflexibility and the materials variability. Cadernos do Arquivo Municipal [online]. 2022, vol.ser2, n.17, pp.87-108.  Epub June 01, 2022. ISSN 2183-3176.

In Lisbon, the mansard roof appears in the Portuguese architectural lexicon in the 18th century, imported from French models. Carlos Mardel’s pioneering examples replicated the foreign model, however, he adapted it to the country’s constructive reality by executing it with the available materials, in this case, the ceramic tile. However, the mansard would not settle in the city’s architectural culture, and its use as a roofing system disappeared, returning only in the final decades of the 1800s. By this time, the model echoed the ones made during Paris renovation by Georges-Eugène Haussmann, being once again adapted according to the new materials made available by the construction industry at the time, such as metal sheets, Marseille tiles, slate shingles and azulejo tiles. In this article, the context of the emergence of these materials is analyzed, in addition to hypotheses that aim to understand the choice of one over the other for mansards.

Keywords : Mansard roof; Azulejo tile; Ceramic roof tile; Slate shingle; Metal sheet.

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