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Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231

Aná. Psicológica v.19 n.1 Lisboa  2001

 

Cooperación y competición en equipos deportivos

Un estudio preliminar

 

ALEXANDRE GARCIA-MAS (*)

 

 

RESUMEN

En este trabajo se presenta un estudio preliminar de campo sobre el constructo teórico de la cooperación, entendida como el grado de esfuerzo físico y deportivo puesto en juego por un deportista, según el acuerdo de sus objetivos personales y los de sus compañeros y entrenador. Para ello se ha diseñado un Cuestionario de Cooperación Deportiva y se ha realizado su pase en 98 jugadores de equipo, de distintos niveles de competición y edades.

Los resultados muestram una división entre tres tipos de jugadores: cooperadores, no cooperadores e indiferentes, en distintas proporciones en cada equipo; los resultados también muestran que la cooperación global está compuesta por la correspondiente a la cooperación en el campo o fuera de él, y por la cooperación con el entrenador o con los compañeros. Se discuten los resultados de acuerdo con la teoría propuesta y se proponen distintas aplicaciones en el campo práctico.

 

Palabras clave: Cooperación, rendimiento, equipo, futbol.

 

 

ABSTRACT

In this study we present a preliminary approach to the construct of cooperation, that means the level of physical and sportive effort performed by one athlete, according the concordonce between his personal objectives and those form their coach and co-players. We have designed the Sportive Cooperation Questionnaire, and we applied it to a population of 98 team players, with different ages and play level.

The results shown a clear division between three types of players: ccoperatives, no-coperatives, and followers, and in distinct proportions in each team; the results shown also that the goal cooperation is formed by the composition of the situational cooperation (in and out the game field), and the dispositional cooperation (with the coach or with the rest of the players). We discuss these results in order to the theory of the cooperation and we proposed several aplications and interventions.

 

Key words: Cooperation, performance, team, soccer.

 

 

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(*) Departament de Psicologia. Universitat de les Illes Balears. E-mail: alex.garcia@uib.es

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