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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

versão impressa ISSN 1645-0086

Psic., Saúde & Doenças v.2 n.2 Lisboa nov. 2001

 

O bem-estar psicológico de adolescentes com insuficiência renal crónica

Luísa Bizarro1

Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Lisboa – Portugal

 

Resumo: Este estudo pretendeu avaliar o bem-estar psicológico de adolescentes com insuficiência renal crónica. As investigações até à data têm produzido resultados contraditórios. Umas apontam para que os jovens com uma doença crónica estão em maior risco para alterações ao bem-estar psicológico, outras sugerem que, embora a doença crónica possa ser uma condição difícil, não resulta necessariamente em alterações significativas desta variável quando comparada com jovens saudáveis. Neste estudo usou-se um instrumento especificamente desenvolvido para a avaliação do bem-estar psicológico de adolescentes, abrangendo duas vertentes: bem-estar psicológico como ausência de índices de dificuldades ou de perturbação e bem-estar psicológico como a presença de factores positivos ou recursos pessoais. Foram comparados dois grupos de adolescentes entre os 12 e os 18 anos, um com jovens saudáveis e outro com jovens com insuficiência renal crónica e dependentes de hemodiálise. Neste último foi ainda estudado o efeito da idade, do sexo e do tempo de hemodiálise. Os resultados apontaram para diferenças significativas no bem-estar psicológico dos dois grupos e evidenciaram aspectos relevantes se se pretender planear intervenções no sentido da promoção do bem-estar psicológico de adolescentes com insuficiência renal crónica.

Palavras chave: Adolescência, Bem-estar psicológico, Insuficiência renal crónica.

 

Psychological well-being inadolescents with chronic kidney disease

Abstract: This study assesses psychological well-being in adolescents with chronic kidney disease. Most of the research until now has produced contradictory results. Some concluded that adolescents with a chronic disease are at greater risk for psychological well-being changes, but others suggest that although a chronic disease may be a difficult condition, it does not result in significant alterations when compared with healthy adolescents. In this work it was used an instrument for the assessment of adolescent psychological well-being that addresses two domains: psychological well-being as an absence of disturbance signs and psychological well-being as the presence of personal resources. Two groups of 12 to 18 years old adolescents were compared: one healthy group and other with chronic kidney disease and being dialysis dependent. It was also analysed the effect of age and timing of dialysis. Results showed significant differences in psychological well-being between both groups and also some pertinent aspects for those who want to plan psychological interventions directed adolescents with chronic kidney disease.

Key words: Adolescence, Chronic kidney disease, Psychological well-being.

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text only available in PDF format.

 

 

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1Contactar para E-mail: luisabizarro@clix.pt; Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Lisboa, Alameda da Universidade, 1600 Lisboa, Portugal.