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Revista Portuguesa de Ciências do Desporto

versão impressa ISSN 1645-0523

Rev. Port. Cien. Desp. v.5 n.2 Porto maio 2005

 

Influência do treinamento físico sobre parâmetros do eixo hipotálamo-pituitária-adrenal de ratos administrados com dexametasona.

 

J. Rodrigo Pauli*

José Leme

Daniel Crespilho

M. Alice Mello

Gustavo Rogatto

Eliete Luciano

 

Universidade Estadual Paulista, Campus de Rio Claro, Instituto de Biociências, Departamento de Educação Física, Brasil.

 

Resumo

O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar os efeitos do exercício físico agudo e crônico sobre o eixo hipotálamo-pituitária-adrenal de ratos administrados com dexametasona. Ratos Wistar jovens foram divididos em quatro grupos: controle sedentário (CS), controle treinado (CT), dexametasona sedentário (DxS) e dexametasona treinado (DxT). O protocolo de treinamento consistiu de natação 1 hora/dia, 5 dias/semana, durante 10 semanas, suportando uma sobrecarga relativa a 5% do seu peso corporal. A dexametasona foi administrada 5 dias/semana (2µg/dia diluída em 150µl de NaCl - 0,9%). Antes do sacrifício os ratos receberam insulina subcutânea para o cálculo da remoção máxima de glicose. No final do período experimental amostras de sangue foram obtidas para determinação da glicose e hormônio adrenocorticotrófico (ACTH) séricos. Amostras do músculo gastrocnêmio, da glândula adrenal e tecido adiposo epididimal foram utilizadas para determinação do peso, teor de glicogênio e ácido ascórbico, respectivamente. Nossos resultados indicam que a exposição crônica a dexametasona está associada com diminuição da sensitividade à insulina. O tratamento com dexametasona diminuiu a secreção de ACTH em resposta ao exercício agudo, mostrando diferença no funcionamento do eixo CRH-ACTH-adrenal entre os grupos estudados. Em conclusão, o exercício pode preponderar sobre o feedback negativo da dexametasona na ativação do eixo hipotálamo-pituitária-adrenal.

Palavras-chave: treinamento físico, dexametasona, resistência à insulina, eixo hipotálamo-pituitária-adrenal.

 

ABSTRACT

Influence of physical training on hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis parameters of rates administered with dexametasone.

The aim of present study was to investigate the influence of acute and chronic physical exercise on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis in Wistar rats administered with dexamethasone. Young Wistar rats were divided into four groups: sedentary control (CS), sedentary dexamethasone (DxS), trained control (CT) and trained dexamethasone (DxT). Training protocol consisted of swimming 1h/day, 5 days/week, during 10 weeks, supporting a load of 5% of their body weight. Dexamethasone was administered 5 times for week (2µg/day in 150µl 0,9% NaCl). Before sacrifying the rats each received a subcutaneous insulin to calculate the maximum decreased in blood glucose. Venous blood samples were obtained at the end of the experimental period to determine serum glucose and ACTH. Gastrocnemius, adrenal and adipose epididimal tissues’ samples were used to determine weight, glycogen and ascorbic acid concentration, respectively. Data suggests that chronic exposure to dexamethasone was associated with decreased insulin sensitivity. The dexametasona treatment decreased ACTH release in response to acute exercise, showing marked differences in the functioning of the CRH-ACTH-adrenal axis between groups of rats. In conclusion, exercise can override the dexamethasone negative feedback of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis activation in rats.

Key Words: physical training, dexamethasone, insulin resistance, hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis.

 

 

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CORRESPONDÊNCIA

* José Rodrigo Pauli

Rua XV de Novembro, 1701, centro

13400-370  Piracicaba, S.P.

BRASIL

rodrigosere@yahoo.com.br